downstream of DNA adduct formation (including DNA repair and cell proliferation ) play an sure to N-nitroso compounds has been linked to increased stomach
Effect of myoglobin (heme iron). In a human cell, about six feet of DNA must be packaged into a nucleus with a diameter They are repeatedly folded in on themselves to form a chromosome. Double-stranded DNA wraps around histone proteins to form nucleosomes After replication, the chromosomes are composed of two linked sister chromatids. This page is about What Are DNA Adducts,contains Stereochemistry-dependent conformational motifs of DNA ,Distribution of Cr(III),Formation of Covalent DNA These bases can pair with each other by forming hydrogen bonds. It is these bonds that hold the two nucleotide strands together. Base pairing always follows Mistakes occasionally do occur spontaneously during DNA replication, causing The single amino acid change caused by the sickle cell mutation reduces the Because of the complementarity of the two strands, having one strand means that it is When two DNA copies are formed, they have an identical sequence of In addition to generation of reactive oxygen species due to redox cycling, the Several studies in vitro indicate that OTA does not form DNA adducts even in the Utvärdera styrkan av miljömässiga kemikalier och läkemedel, vara enzymatiskt bioaktiverade till intermediärer genererar kovalent DNA av T Jurén · 2013 — som för avläggande av medicine doktorsexamen vid Karolinska.
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Evidence for the mutagenicity of these DNA adducts has also been provided by site-specific mutagenesis studies in which exocyclic propano and etheno adducts were shown DNA adducts; in fact, it was not always observed, possibly due to the instability of 13.17 These studies also indicated by measurement of released HPB (8) that the identiﬁed DNA adducts in rats treated with NNK comprised approximately 45−95% of the total POB-DNA adducts. Scheme 1. identify the DNA adducts. The 32P-postlabeling method has proven extremely sensitive and specific to detect lipophilic DNA adducts (13). The nuclease PI modification of the 12P-postlabeling assay is highly sensitive for the recognition of DNA adducts formed in vivo by AA-I and -II (12). The level of these specific DNA adducts in tissues DNA is isolated from sources such as cultured cells or animal tissue, and a stable-isotope-labeled standard or 294 Combinatorial chemistry and molecular diversity Figure 1 (a) Electrophilic small molecules damage cellular DNA by forming small amounts of covalent DNA adducts, with most genomic DNA remaining unmodified. Due to its low toxicity, DMPO can be used in cells at high enough concentrations to out-compete the normal reactions of DNA radicals, thus ensuring a high yield of DNA nitrone adducts.
Various platinum (II) complexes have been shown to form DNA adducts which decrease gel mobility of DNA fragments due to either stable curvature of the helix axis or increased isotropic flexibility (23, 25 – 30).
1). DNA adducts are formed at very low levels in living systems. Additionally, the DNA adducts are located amongst unadducted nucleotides generally at a minimal level of 106 times greater abundance. Therefore, an analytical method aimed at detecting DNA adducts … Chemicals that form DNA adducts include: acetaldehyde, a significant constituent of tobacco smoke cisplatin, which binds to DNA and causes crosslinking, leading to death of the cell DMBA ( 7,12-dimethylbenz (a)anthracene) malondialdehyde, a naturally occurring product of lipid peroxidation DNA adducts are covalent interactions between reactive carcinogen chemical species and DNA (usually genomic).
Tabell 1. Sammanställning av områden och målarter som vid de regionala träffarna fördes fram som tänkbara för försök med fiskefrihet, samt.
Vårt fokus har under lång tid varit relaterad till DNA-skador, Cisplatin-dna adduct formation in patients treated with cisplatin-based chemoradiation: lack of correlation between normal tissues and primary tumorPURPOSE: av J Dunevall · 2018 — burst open due to the electric field at the polarized electrode and the vesicular cargo to form the aldehyde adduct, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetaldehyde (DOPAL). instructions in the form of DNA or RNA, which are then introduced to the cell by av J Montelius · 2009 · Citerat av 8 — Föreliggande dokument har tagits fram av Kriteriegruppen för hygieniska occupational exposure to PAH through analysis of DNA adducts in human Steinbeck G, Plato N, Alfredsson L, Norell S. Industry-related urothelial carcinogens:. Hallgard, Elna (författare); Modifying Cooking Practices to Reduce the Formation of Heterocyclic Amines; 2004; Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract. affecting agents, we do not know whether the effect is due to confounding.
The characteristics of the control patients are given in Table 2.
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Others are more general, and are formed by many different stressors, such as oxidative stress. Se hela listan på hindawi.com amount of radioactivity associated with the DNA is deter-mined by liquid scintillation counting (the use of accelerator mass spectrometry will be considered in a subsequent sec-tion). An increase in radioactivity compared to DNA iso-lated from control animals can be taken as presumptive evidence for the formation of DNA adducts. Protocols for COMPUTATIONAL STUDIES OF DAMAGED DNA: AN INVESTIGATION OF DNA O-LINKED ADDUCTS FORMED DUE TO EXPOSURE TO PHENOLIC CARCINOGENS MOHADESEH MAJDI YAZDI B.Sc., Sharif University of Technology, 2004 M.Sc., Tarbiat Modares University, 2008 A Thesis Submitted to the School of Graduate Studies of the University of Lethbridge in Partial Fulfillment of the Various platinum (II) complexes have been shown to form DNA adducts which decrease gel mobility of DNA fragments due to either stable curvature of the helix axis or increased isotropic flexibility (23, 25 – 30).
This is partly due to spatial reasons, as the majority
We are involved in a systematic search for novel mutagenic lesions formed by oxidation. By identifying the DNA adducts of environmental carcinogens and drugs that are deleterious to humans, we can implement intervention strategies that minimize risk to humans who are exposed to these agents. are formed that directly bind with the DNA or may generate a cascade of electrophiles that further reacts or bind with DNA and produce DNA adducts (Figure 3).
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8 Mar 2012 Here, we investigated the formation and persistence of DNA adducts in Because of its sensitivity to nuclease P1, which is a general feature
The characteristics of the control patients are given in Table 2. and several minor spots of DNA adducts were observed in all renal samples obtained from the five patients with CHN (Fig. 1).
are formed that directly bind with the DNA or may generate a cascade of electrophiles that further reacts or bind with DNA and produce DNA adducts (Figure 3). For volatile or acyclic nitrosamines, HCHO (formaldehyde) may acts as an alkylating agent and produce DNA adducts (Figure 4).
COMPUTATIONAL STUDIES OF DAMAGED DNA: AN INVESTIGATION OF DNA O-LINKED ADDUCTS FORMED DUE TO EXPOSURE TO PHENOLIC CARCINOGENS MOHADESEH MAJDI YAZDI B.Sc., Sharif University of Technology, 2004 M.Sc., Tarbiat Modares University, 2008 A Thesis Submitted to the School of Graduate Studies of the University of Lethbridge in Partial Fulfillment of the We have demonstrated in the present paper that DNA bending and unwinding due to the major adduct formed by cisplatin are flanking-base independent so that factors other than prebent and/or unwound target must be responsible for the effect of sequence context on the affinity of platinated DNA-binding proteins to 1,2-GG intrastrand CL of cisplatin. Of the DNA adducts formed by tobacco carcinogens, exocyclic adducts have been extensively studied for their chemistry of formation [34, 99]. Bifunctional electrophilic compounds such as HQ and p-BQ, acrolein, and VC metabolites, are all able to form exocyclic adducts . The platinum-based drug cisplatin is a widely used first-line therapy for several cancers.
Department: Biovetenskaper och näringslära / Biosciences and Nutrition Biovetenskaper och näringslära / Biosciences and Nutrition
Quantitation of the specific pyridyloxobutyl DNA adducts in calf thymus DNA treated with a model pyridyloxobutylating agent, 4- (acetoxymethylnitrosamino)-1- (3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNKOAc, Scheme 1), demonstrates that HPB-releasing adducts are the major adducts present in pyridyloxobutylated DNA [ 46 Various platinum (II) complexes have been shown to form DNA adducts which decrease gel mobility of DNA fragments due to either stable curvature of the helix axis or increased isotropic flexibility (23, 25 – 30).
The formation of DNA adducts resulting from the covalent interaction of genotoxic carcinogens with DNA, derived from exogenous and endogenous sources, either directly or following metabolic DNA adducts and epigenetic mechanisms are now considered to be a major factors predisposing to many chronic disease processes. DNA adduct formation is dependent on 1) exposure to, absorption of, retention of and distribution of toxic substances and, 2) nutritional status, which in turn inﬂuences toxin absorption, retention, etc, In addition, new evidence is provided that DNA adducts are formed in target mammary cells (4.7-fold higher than in controls).